Leopard facts


The leopard is not a sedentary animal. Each one has its own territory, which it regularly patrols, walking along the perimeter and marking certain spots.


The leopard has fewer teeth (28-30) than other carnivores. The tongue is covered with horny papillae, which rasp meat from bone and aid in grooming.


The Far Eastern leopard is the most peaceful leopard subspecies. There is no record of a Far Eastern leopard attacking a human in history. Young animals may follow human tracks out of curiosity. In chance encounters with humans, they are not quick to flee, but instead gaze at the human with interest, without showing the slightest sign of aggression.

The leopard and other members
of the Felidae family

Leopards are more widely distributed in the world than any other feline, except, of course, domestic cats. The mobility of the leopards contributes to their discrete lifestyle and their ability to hunt all sorts of animals.

The size and body weight of a leopard may vary considerably depending on its habitat. Those that live in the forest are normally smaller and lighter, whereas those that inhabit open areas are larger than their fellow forest dwellers. The base coat colour ranges from pale-straw or smoky grey to rusty-brown. Central Asian subspecies have a predominantly sandy-greyish base colour, while the Far Eastern leopards are reddish-yellow. Young leopards are slightly paler, their base colour being greyish-yellow, or sometimes a dirty white.

African leopard
Panthera pardus pardus
Africa, from Morocco to the Cape of Good Hope
Indochinese leopard
Panthera pardus delacouri
Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and southern China
Javan leopard
Panthera pardus melas
Indian leopard
Panthera pardus fusca
Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, southern China, northern India
Sri Lankan leopard
Panthera pardus kotiya
Sri Lanka
North Chinese leopard
Panthera pardus japonensis
Northern China
Persian leopard
Panthera pardus saxicolor
Western Asia
Arabian leopard
Panthera pardus nimr
Arabian Peninsula

Leopards compared with other felines

(Average values across the species)

Weight (kg) Height (cm) Body length (cm) Tail length (cm)





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